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Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme is a collaborative initiative of the UN-HABITAT, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Governments of Asia. The Programme objective is to pursue the Millennium Development Goal 7 Target 10 of halving proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation to half by 2015. The programme thrust areas include: pro-poor urban water and sanitation governance; promoting urban water demand management and urban environmental sanitation; income generation for the urban poor through community-based water and sanitation (WATSAN) services.  
In Madhya Pradesh, the WAC Programme is supporting the ADB financed Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project being implemented by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in the cities of Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore and Jabalpur since 2005. Brief of the UN-HABITAT supported programmes are as follows:
Poverty Mapping Situational Analysis: A citywide Situational Analysis of the Poverty Pockets (slums) for mapping the poverty and identifying environmental infrastructural deficiencies for prioritizing interventions to improve access to water and sanitation in poverty pockets in the project cities was carried out in collaboration with Municipal Corporations of Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Gwalior, Water Aid and local counterpart NGOs.
Slums Environmental Sanitation Initiatives: Based on the outcome of PPSA, a community-based project on Urban Environmental Sanitation in 63 slums covering 20,000 households in four project cities was implemented in partnership with Water Aid India and city Municipal Corporations. Community Managed Water Supply Scheme (CMWSS): Three pilot projects one each in Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur have been implemented benefitting about 3,200 households. The scheme has a demand responsive approach and is executed by empowering the community to ensure their full participation in decision making from the choice of design and planning of the drinking water schemes and its financing from a revolving fund with a pro-poor cost recovery approach. The community has the ownership of the assets and full responsibility of operation and maintenance.
Pro-poor WATSAN Services : In partnership with WaterAid Australia, the WAC Programme is supporting the Municipal Corporations of the project cities to bring about sustainable improvements in the WATSAN status of selected slums based on the learning from the SESI and CMWSS. Its goals include baseline survey, need assessment, community mobilisation, capacity-building and advocacy in support of the initiatives of the GoMP to provide WATSAN facilities using Area improvement fund and community initiatives funds under the loan covenant of the ADB.
Community-managed Pro-poor Water purification and Bottling Scheme (CPWBS): Two pilot water purification plants, one in Dwarkapuri, Indore and other in Sangram Sagar, Jabalpur to provide safe drinking water (As per WHO specification) to the poor, have been implemented in partnership with DUDA, Indore and Jabalpur through capacity building and empowerment of the DWACUA groups for its execution, operation and maintenance.
Water Demand Management (WDM): A detailed Water Demand Management (WDM) strategy and implementation plan for the project cities have been formulated in partnership with WRP of South Africa and TERI. Capacity building programme for the middle and senior level officers and policy makers were organised in collaboration with WRP, TERI, SGSITS and EPCO to facilitate implementation of WDM action plan in project cities. Two pilot projects to create District Metered Areas and establishing Leak detection units in Municipal Corporations of Gwalior and Jabalpur were undertaken. A pilot on Grey Water Reuse and Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting was implemented at SGSITS to institutionalize of Capacity Building Programme on WDM.
Rain Water Harvesting (RWH): UN-HABITAT and the Directorate of Urban Administration and Development Department jointly prepared a policy paper to promote rainwater harvesting as a sustainable measure for water management in the state. As a follow-up to the policy, UN-HABITAT in partnership with Lake Conservation Authority of Madhya Pradesh has also undertaken pilot initiatives to promote rain water harvesting through installation of RWH systems in 16 selected schools in 4 project cities as well as capacity building and awareness programmes in schools.
Urban Local Catchment Management: In collaboration with Lake Conservation Authority of Madhya Pradesh, the Urban Local Catchment Management Strategy and Action Plan for the project cities are being develoed, which will focus on preventive measures to improve the surface water quality in the project cities.
Rejuvenation of Community Toilets: A policy paper on Rejuvenation of Community Toilets was developed in collaboration with the state government. As a follow-up to the policy paper two projects, one in Gwalior for rejuvenation of 20 community toilets in partnership with Gwalior Municipal Corporation and other in Jabalpur in partnership with District Urban Development Agency for rejuvenation of 15 toilets were undertaken. In Gwalior, the rejuvenated toilets have been handed over to the communities for their operation and maintenance through collection of user charges. The project in Jabalpur is under implementation.
Solid Waste Management: In order to promote segregation of wastes at source and their disposal through community participation a project in partnership with Gwalior Municipal Corporation for Gwalior and other in partnership with Jabalpur Municipal Corporation in Jabalpur are being implemented.
Community Managed Sewarage Scheme in Ramaji ka Pura in Gwalior: On the active demand from the community, Gwalior Municipal Corporation (GMC) with financial support from UN-HABITAT has executed a sewerage scheme with community participation for 2500 HHs in the notified slums of Ramaji Ka Pura, Islampura and Subhash Nagar in Gwalior to satisfy the felt needs of the community.
Citizen Report Cards : In collaboration with National Centre for Human Settlements & Environment and in consultation with the Government of Madhya Pradesh and ULBs, Citizen Report Cards (CRC) were developed based on the assessment of the people’s responses about the quality of basic service delivery in the cities. Now a manual on CRC is being developed.
Gender mainstreaming : UN-HABITAT in collaboration with Mahila Chetna Manch (MCM), a local NGO, has developed a Gender Mainstreaming Strategy and Action Plan for the four project cities which has been discussed, finalized and adopted by the state government and four project cities to facilitate women’s participation in the water and sanitation service delivery. Now, a project to operationalise the Gender mainstreaming action plan is being implemented.
Human Value Based water Sanitation & Hygiene Education (HVWSHE) : In partnership with Centre of Environment Education (CEE), Ahmadabad, HVWSHE Classrooms in one of the schools in 4 project cities were established, and various resource and IEC materials were developed and capacity building of teachers were organized to promote HVWSHE in schools. Now a project focussing on development of communication tools, capacity building of teachers and class room activities for students to promote HVWSHE is being implemented.
Prevention of HIV: UN-HABITAT in collaboration with Mahila Chetna Manch undertook initiative for preventing spread of HIV and facilitating care to vulnerable and high risk group in selected urban, peri-urban district areas of Madhya Pradesh.
Capacity Building Programme: In partnership with various prime institutions, like Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, Water Hub, Singapore, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun, National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad, Chennai Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, Tamil Nadu Water and Sanitation Board, Chennai. National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, Shri G. S. Institute of Technology & Science, , Indore , EPCO etc., the capacity building programmes on the topics like Promoting Effective Delivery of Water and Sanitation Services, Continuous Water Supply in Asian Cities, GIS Applications, Financial Management including Project Planning and Appraisal and Accounting Reforms, O&M of Water Supply and Waste Water Treatment, Community Managed Sanitation and Solid Waste Management, Urban Environmental management, Biomedical Waste Management, Water Demand Management and Gender Mainstreaming are being organized for the policy makers, elected representative, officials of the State Government and the urban local bodies, community, teachers and students.
City Sanitation Plans: UN-HABITAT is supporting Gwalior Municipal Corporation and the Nagar Panchayat, Nasrullahganj for the development of City sanitation Plans. In Nasrullahganj support is also being provided for the implementation of Integrated Urban Sanitation Programme (IUSP) for the urban area, which focuses on implementation of demonstration activities for the improvement of sanitation services for the urban area.
           
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